ranchi Travel Guide

Welcome to Ranchi

Ranchi,The Capital City of Jharkhand 

Introduction 
Ranchi is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is also emerging as a major industrial hub. The city is situated in the valley of Chhotanagpur at a high altitude of 2140 feet above sea level. Ranchi is gifted with natural resources like minerals that account for 50% mineral production of the state. The city of Ranchi is also well-known for its picture perfect attractions like waterfalls, cool and calm climate, barren rocks and hillocks. It is for this reason that the city is often referred to as the City of waterfalls and lakes. Ranchi is a prominent political, commercial, industrial and educational hub of eastern India with great opportunities for tourism. Apart from this, Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls, Panchghagh falls, Deer Park, Zakir Hussain Park, Surya Temple and Jagannath Temple are some of the famous sightseeing places in Ranchi which attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the country every year.

History 
The name of the city is derived from the Oraon village, Archi at the region. Archi is derived from the word Oraon which denotes bamboo or stave. According to a Legend, after a dispute with a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit with his bamboo stave. The soul shouted archi, archi, archi and disappeared and as a result Archi became Rachi and was later renamed to Ranchi. Apart from this, it was also part of the Great Empires of Nandas, Mauryas, Sungas and Guptas. In the 13th century, Raja Jai Singh Deo of Orissa had declared himself the ruler of Jharkhand. However, during the medieval period, Jharkhand rarely enjoyed the status of an independent state and rather it swayed with the fortunes of Delhi, Jaunpur and Bengal. For a long time, Jharkhand was remained as a part of Bihar, but after Indian independence, the demand for a separate state of tribals started gaining momentum. Jharkhand became a state under the Republic of India on November 15, 2000 and now it is poised for a great leap forward.

Tourism 
Ranchi is a most visited tourist destination in India where number of tourist comes for their vacation. It is well connected with the major cities of the country through air, rail and road. This small town is the store house of various tourist activities. The major tourist attractions in Ranchi are Rock Garden, Dassam Falls, Jagannath Temple, Pahari Mandir, Deori Temple, Hundru Falls, Birsa Zoological Park, Jonha Falls, Dhurwa Dam and many more.

Places to visit 

Jagannath Temple
Jagannath Temple is one of the most famous temple situated 10 kms away from Ranchi. It was built in the year of 1691 by king of Barkagarh, Jagannathpur Thakur Ani Nath Shahdeo. It is most popularly known for its Ratha Yatra held every year.

Pahari Mandir
Pahari Mandir is a most popular Hindu temple in Ranchi. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The site of this temple also provides a bird view of the entire city of Ranchi and its surroundings comprise different species of trees.

Dassam Falls
Dassam Falls is a nice place to visit which is located at a distance of 34 kms away from Ranchi. The major water source of this waterfall is River Kachni, which falls here from an altitude of 144 feet. The unique feature of this fall is that when the waterfall is seen, 10 water streams are also seen falling.


Birsa Zoological Park
Birsa Zoological Park is a major tourist destination in Ranchi. This park is involved in providing more information on mammalian fauna along with providing a sight of nature's wild life in its own habitat. Most popular species of fauna present at this park includes tigers, monkeys and deer.

Deori Temple
Deori Temple is another prominent place in Ranchi. The temple is located in Tamaar village of Ranchi and dedicated to Goddess Kali. The architecture of this temple is very beautiful. Numerous tourists come to this temple from all over the country to get the blessings of Goddess Kali.

Area 175 kmĀ²
Population 1073440
Language Hindi and English
Pin Code 834001

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