srinagar Travel Guide

Welcome to Srinagar

Introduction 
Srinagar is the capital of the Indian state Jammu and Kashmir. Srinagar is also called the city of Lakes. It is located in the heart of Kashmir valley, spread on the both banks of Jhelum River. This city is well known for its traditional kashmiri handicrafts and dry fruits. At present, Srinagar is a resort for the tourist who can experience the beauty of the valley that has attracted the Chinese, the Mughals and the British to it.

History
According to a legend, Pravarasena decided to build a new capital. To choose the location he started walking at midnight and was confronted by a demon on the other side of the Mahasarit River. The demon spread his bent leg across the stream and dared the king to cross over it to the other side. The king cut off the leg of that demon with one stroke of his sword and calmly crossed. The demon was delighted with the king'boldness and told him to build the city where he would find the beginnings of a plan laid out for him. The next morning the king found the boundary lines drawn at the foot of Hari Parbat and built his city there. The present city of Srinagar was founded by Pravarasena-II, and Hiuen Tsang, who visited Kashmir in 631 AD. Akbar captured Kashmir valley for the Mughals, who provided Srinagar the beautiful mosques and gardens. The Sikhs overthrew the last Muslim ruler in the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1819. In 1846 the Dogras secured the sovereignty of Kashmir from the British under the Treaty of Amritsar and in 1947 the state of Jammu and Kashmir with Srinagar as its capital, became part of the Indian Union. Its waterways with their own quaint lifestyle, the unique Houseboat, the blossoming gardens, water sports activities, shopping for lovingly hand-crafted souvenirs and the nearby resorts make this city more beautiful and a cherished spot among those who look for memorable holidays.

Area 294 km²
Population 1180000
Language Kashmiri
Pin Code 190001

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